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Michigan Compiled Laws Complete Through PA 93 of 2019



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NOTE: Dates reflect any modification to item, not necessarily a change in law.

Chapter 554 - REAL AND PERSONAL PROPERTY
R.S. of 1846 ‑ Revised Statutes of 1846 (554.1 - 554.46)
     R‑S‑1846‑554‑1‑62 ‑ CHAPTER 62 Chapter 62. Of The Nature And Qualities Of Estates In Real And Personal Property, And The Alienation Thereof. (554.1...554.46)
          Section 554.1 ‑ Estates in lands; kinds as respects length of enjoyment.
          Section 554.2 ‑ Estate of inheritance; fee simple.
          Section 554.3 ‑ Estate of inheritance; fee tail; abolition, declaration as fee simple.
          Section 554.4 ‑ Estate of inheritance; remainder in fee after a fee tail; validity.
          Section 554.5 ‑ Freehold estates; chattels real; chattel interests.
          Section 554.6 ‑ Estate for life of another; nature.
          Section 554.7 ‑ Estates in land; kinds as respects time of enjoyment.
          Section 554.8 ‑ Estates in possession and in expectancy; definition.
          Section 554.9 ‑ Estates in expectancy; classifications.
          Section 554.10 ‑ Future estate; definition.
          Section 554.11 ‑ Future estate; remainder.
          Section 554.12 ‑ Reversion; definition.
          Section 554.13 ‑ Future estates; classifications, definitions.
          Section 554.14‑554.20 ‑ Repealed. 1949, Act 38, Eff. Sept. 23, 1949.
          Section 554.21 ‑ Repealed. 1988, Act 417, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1988.
          Section 554.22 ‑ Heirs and issue; construction as used in remainders.
          Section 554.23 ‑ Repealed. 1949, Act 38, Eff. Sept. 23, 1949.
          Section 554.24 ‑ Estates to commence in future; estates in term for years.
          Section 554.25 ‑ Alternative future estates.
          Section 554.26 ‑ Future estates; validity as affected by probability of contingency.
          Section 554.27 ‑ Remainder on contingency defeating prior estate; construction.
          Section 554.28 ‑ Rule in Shelly's Case; abolition.
          Section 554.29 ‑ Remainder not contingency defeating prior estate; construction.
          Section 554.30 ‑ Posthumous child; right to take estate.
          Section 554.31 ‑ Posthumous child; effect of birth on certain future estates.
          Section 554.32 ‑ Expectant estates; effect of alienation or destruction of precedent estate.
          Section 554.33 ‑ Expectant estates; authorized method of defeasance, effect on original validity.
          Section 554.34 ‑ Contingent remainder; effect of premature determination of precedent estate.
          Section 554.35 ‑ Expectant estates; qualities.
          Section 554.36 ‑ Rents and profits to accrue; disposition.
          Section 554.37, 554.38 ‑ Repealed. 1952, Act 6, Eff. Sept. 18, 1952.
          Section 554.39, 554.40 ‑ Repealed. 1952, Act 7, Eff. Sept. 18, 1952.
          Section 554.41 ‑ Expectant estates; time of creation.
          Section 554.42 ‑ Expectant estates; abolition, exceptions.
          Section 554.43 ‑ Estates; kinds in respect to number and connection of owners; nature.
          Section 554.44 ‑ Land conveyance to two or more persons; estate created.
          Section 554.45 ‑ Land conveyance; exceptions to preceding section.
          Section 554.46 ‑ Land conveyance; nominal conditions; effect of failure to perform.
Act 38 of 1949 ‑ RULE AGAINST PERPETUITIES (554.51 - 554.53)
     Section 554.51 ‑ Rule against perpetuities; applicability; uniformity.
     Section 554.52 ‑ Sections repealed.
     Section 554.53 ‑ Applicability of act to nonvested property interests.
Act 13 of 1968 ‑ POSSIBILITIES OF REVERTER AND RIGHTS OF ENTRY (554.61 - 554.65)
     Section 554.61 ‑ Terminable interest, specified contingency; definitions.
     Section 554.62 ‑ Specified contingency; termination right; limitation period.
     Section 554.63 ‑ Existing termination rights limitation.
     Section 554.64 ‑ Exemptions to act.
     Section 554.65 ‑ Right of termination; preservation; notice, recording.
Act 418 of 1988 ‑ UNIFORM STATUTORY RULE AGAINST PERPETUITIES (554.71 - 554.78)
     Section 554.71 ‑ Short title.
     Section 554.72 ‑ Nonvested property interest; general power of appointment, nongeneral power of appointment, or general testamentary power of appointment; validity; language measuring time period from creation of trust or other property arrangement.
     Section 554.73 ‑ Nonvested property interest or power of appointment; time of creation.
     Section 554.74 ‑ Reforming disposition; petition.
     Section 554.75 ‑ Applicability of MCL 554.72; "second power" defined.
     Section 554.76 ‑ Nonvested property interest or power of appointment to which act applicable; violation of rule against perpetuities; reforming disposition.
     Section 554.77 ‑ Application and construction of act.
     Section 554.78 ‑ Conditional effective date.
Act 148 of 2008 ‑ PERSONAL PROPERTY TRUST PERPETUITIES ACT (554.91 - 554.94)
     Section 554.91 ‑ Short title.
     Section 554.92 ‑ Definitions.
     Section 554.93 ‑ Personal property held in trust; interest in or power of appointment over; validity; exercise of second power; determination under uniform statutory rule against perpetuities.
     Section 554.94 ‑ Applicability of act to certain personal property; scope of trust.
Act 211 of 1931 ‑ DEVOLUTION OF EXPECTANT ESTATES (554.101 - 554.101)
     Section 554.101 ‑ Expectant estate in realty or personalty; death of owner prior to possession, effect.
Act 219 of 1931 ‑ REVERSIONARY INTEREST IN LANDS (554.111 - 554.111)
     Section 554.111 ‑ Reversionary interest in lands conveyed on condition subsequent; transfer; scope of act.
R.S. of 1846 ‑ Revised Statutes of 1846 (554.131 - 554.139)
     R‑S‑1846‑554‑131‑66 ‑ CHAPTER 66 Chapter 66. Of Estates In Dower, By The Curtesy, And General Provisions Concerning Real Estate (continued). (554.131...554.139)
          R‑S‑1846‑554‑131‑66‑GENERAL‑PROVISIONS. ‑ GENERAL PROVISIONS. (554.131...554.139)
               Section 554.131 ‑ Rent; liability of person in possession of land.
               Section 554.132 ‑ Rent; assumpsit for recovery.
               Section 554.133 ‑ Rent; other remedies for recovery.
               Section 554.134 ‑ Termination of estate at will or by sufferance or tenancy from year to year.
               Section 554.135 ‑ Aliens; realty; right to acquire, hold or convey, descent.
               Section 554.136 ‑ Aliens; effect of prior deals in realty on title.
               Section 554.137 ‑ Remainderman or reversioner; right to sue for injury.
               Section 554.138 ‑ Joint tenant or tenant in common; action against cotenant.
               Section 554.139 ‑ Lease or license of residential premises; covenants; modifications; liberal construction, inspection.
Act 42 of 1917 ‑ UNTENANTABLE BUILDINGS (554.201 - 554.201)
     Section 554.201 ‑ Untenantable building; surrender, liability of lessee for rent.
Act 228 of 1925 ‑ RENTS AND PROFITS UNDER TRUST MORTGAGE (554.211 - 554.214)
     Section 554.211 ‑ Assignment of rents and profits under trust mortgage or deed; lawfulness.
     Section 554.212 ‑ Assignment; validity against mortgagor and occupiers of premises.
     Section 554.213 ‑ Trust mortgage; definition.
     Section 554.214 ‑ Emergency legislation; immediate necessity; liberal construction.
Act 210 of 1953 ‑ ASSIGNMENT OF RENTS TO ACCRUE AS ADDITIONAL MORTGAGE SECURITY (554.231 - 554.233)
     Section 554.231 ‑ Assignment of rents to accrue from leases as additional mortgage security.
     Section 554.232 ‑ Assignment of rents; validity.
     Section 554.233 ‑ Modification of mortgage.
Act 314 of 1921 ‑ LATERAL AND SUBJACENT SUPPORT TO ADJOINING LAND (554.251 - 554.254)
     Section 554.251 ‑ Owner or occupant of excavated land; duty to support adjacent land and structures.
     Section 554.252 ‑ Failure to support adjacent land; liability.
     Section 554.253 ‑ Failure to support adjacent land; equitable relief.
     Section 554.254 ‑ Common law duties and remedies.
Act 81 of 1929 ‑ OIL, GAS, OR MINERAL LEASES (554.281 - 554.282)
     Section 554.281 ‑ Oil, gas or mineral lease; forfeiture; procedure for surrender, effect on record.
     Section 554.282 ‑ Oil, gas or mineral lease; suit for release; damages.
Act 42 of 1963 ‑ TERMINATION OF OIL OR GAS INTERESTS IN LAND (554.291 - 554.294)
     Section 554.291 ‑ Oil or gas interest in land; abandonment; claim of interest; vesting in surface owner; preservation from disclosure.
     Section 554.292 ‑ Preservation of oil or gas interest; recording of interest notice claimed; applicability of act.
     Section 554.293 ‑ Underground gas storage operation; good faith affidavit, filing.
     Section 554.294 ‑ "Person" defined.
Act 235 of 1929 ‑ NOTICE OF FORFEITURE OF LAND CONTRACT (554.301 - 554.302)
     Section 554.301 ‑ Notice of land contract forfeiture; publication.
     Section 554.302 ‑ Notice of land contract forfeiture; proof.
Act 327 of 1905 ‑ Repealed-EFFECT OF BIGAMOUS RELATIONS ON RIGHT TO INHERIT (554.321 - 554.322)
Act 280 of 1915 ‑ GIFTS, GRANTS, BEQUESTS, AND DEVISES (554.351 - 554.353)
     Section 554.351 ‑ Gift or grant for certain purposes; effect of indefiniteness, vesting of title, trustee appointment.
     Section 554.352 ‑ Gift or grant for certain purposes; jurisdiction of court; trust construction; prosecutor duties.
     Section 554.353 ‑ Validation clause.
Act 373 of 1925 ‑ GIFTS, GRANTS, BEQUESTS, AND DEVISES (554.381 - 554.382)
     Section 554.381 ‑ Public welfare purposes; validity of gifts and bequests.
     Section 554.382 ‑ Public welfare purposes; definition.
Act 258 of 1925 ‑ SALE OF CERTAIN LANDS (554.401 - 554.404)
     Section 554.401 ‑ Lands sale held for public purposes and new lands purchase; bill of complaint.
     Section 554.402 ‑ Lands sale held for public purposes and new lands purchase; parties defendant, time.
     Section 554.403 ‑ Lands sale held for public purposes and purchase of new lands; decree.
     Section 554.404 ‑ Lands sale held for public purposes and purchase of new lands; effect of sale on title.
Act 43 of 1956 ‑ Repealed-IRREVOCABLE GIFTS OF SECURITIES TO MINORS (554.431 - 554.443)
Act 172 of 1959 ‑ Repealed-MICHIGAN UNIFORM GIFTS TO MINORS ACT (554.451 - 554.461)
Act 9 of 1971 ‑ Repealed-DISCLAIMER OF SUCCESSION TO PROPERTY (554.501 - 554.520)
Act 433 of 1998 ‑ MICHIGAN UNIFORM TRANSFERS TO MINORS ACT (554.521 - 554.552)
     Section 554.521 ‑ Short title.
     Section 554.522 ‑ Meanings of words and phrases.
     Section 554.523 ‑ Definitions; A to C.
     Section 554.524 ‑ Definitions; F to P.
     Section 554.525 ‑ Definitions; S to T.
     Section 554.526 ‑ Change in residence of transferor, minor, or custodian, or removal of custodial property from state; jurisdiction; governing laws.
     Section 554.527 ‑ Custodian to receive property upon occurrence of future event; nomination; creation of custodial property.
     Section 554.528 ‑ Transfer by irrevocable gift or power of appointment in custodian.
     Section 554.529 ‑ Irrevocable transfer by personal representative or trustee; designation of custodian.
     Section 554.530 ‑ Absence of will or authorization to make irrevocable transfer; transfer by personal representative, trustee, or conservator; conditions.
     Section 554.531 ‑ Minor not having conservator; transfer by person holding property or owing liquidated debt.
     Section 554.532 ‑ Custodial property; receipt and discharge.
     Section 554.533 ‑ Creation and transfer of custodial property; actions.
     Section 554.534 ‑ Instrument; form.
     Section 554.535 ‑ Time of control; holding constituting single custodianship.
     Section 554.536 ‑ Conditions not affecting validity of transfer; transfer as irrevocable; property indefeasibly vested in minor; powers, rights, and immunities.
     Section 554.537 ‑ Duties of custodian.
     Section 554.538 ‑ Rights, powers, and authority over custodial property; limitation.
     Section 554.539 ‑ Delivery, payment, or expenditure by custodian.
     Section 554.540 ‑ Custodian; expenses; compensation; bond.
     Section 554.541 ‑ Responsibility of third person.
     Section 554.542 ‑ Liability of custodian or minor.
     Section 554.543 ‑ Service as custodian; declination; substitute; successor.
     Section 554.544 ‑ Resignation, ineligibility, death, or incapacitation of custodian; possession and control of property and records; petition for removal of custodian.
     Section 554.545 ‑ Accounting.
     Section 554.546 ‑ Transfer of property to minor; time.
     Section 554.547 ‑ Transfer of property to minor; delay.
     Section 554.548 ‑ Applicability of act to transfer described in MCL 554.526.
     Section 554.549 ‑ Applicability of act to transfer made before effective date.
     Section 554.550 ‑ Construction of act.
     Section 554.551 ‑ Repeal of former 1959 PA 172; effect.
     Section 554.552 ‑ Repeal of MCL 554.451 to 554.461.
Act 226 of 2014 ‑ TRESPASS LIABILITY ACT (554.581 - 554.583)
     Section 554.581 ‑ Short title.
     Section 554.583 ‑ Duty of care to trespasser; liability.
Act 348 of 1972 ‑ LANDLORD AND TENANT RELATIONSHIPS (554.601 - 554.616)
     Section 554.601 ‑ Definitions.
     Section 554.601a ‑ Termination of lease; conditions; applicability of section to leases entered into, renewed, or renegotiated after effective date.
     Section 554.601b ‑ Tenant under apprehension of danger from domestic violence, sexual assault, or stalking; release from rental payment obligation; written notice; content; documentation; forwarding information; liability of multiple tenants; applicability; remedies against other parties; definitions.
     Section 554.602 ‑ Security deposit; amount.
     Section 554.603 ‑ Security deposit; notice.
     Section 554.604 ‑ Security deposit, disposition; bond.
     Section 554.605 ‑ Security deposit as property of tenant.
     Section 554.606 ‑ Waiving requirements of act.
     Section 554.607 ‑ Security deposit; permissible uses.
     Section 554.608 ‑ Inventory checklists.
     Section 554.609 ‑ Itemized list of damages; check or money order; contents of notice of damages.
     Section 554.610 ‑ Effect of noncompliance with notice of damages requirement.
     Section 554.611 ‑ Notice of forwarding address; effect of noncompliance.
     Section 554.612 ‑ Response to notice of damages.
     Section 554.613 ‑ Action for damages; retention of security deposit; waiver.
     Section 554.614 ‑ Termination of landlord's interest; liability for security deposit.
     Section 554.615 ‑ Action to enforce act.
     Section 554.616 ‑ Effective date and applicability of act.
Act 454 of 1978 ‑ TRUTH IN RENTING ACT (554.631 - 554.641)
     Section 554.631 ‑ Short title.
     Section 554.632 ‑ Definitions.
     Section 554.633 ‑ Rental agreement; prohibited provisions or clauses; violation.
     Section 554.634 ‑ Rental agreement; mandatory statements.
     Section 554.635 ‑ Notices.
     Section 554.636 ‑ Actions; court costs and attorney fees; joinder; actual damages; effect of judicial construction; “tenant” defined.
     Section 554.637 ‑ Remedies cumulative.
     Section 554.638 ‑ Printed rental agreement form; sale; violation; damages.
     Section 554.639 ‑ Waiver prohibited.
     Section 554.640 ‑ Exception.
     Section 554.641 ‑ Effective date.
Act 162 of 1990 ‑ CAMPGROUNDS (554.651 - 554.658)
     Section 554.651 ‑ Definitions.
     Section 554.652 ‑ Removal of occupant, guest, or other individual from campground; grounds; civil rights.
     Section 554.653 ‑ Requesting occupant to depart as condition to removal from campground; contents of written request; return of unused portion of advance payment; remaining on campground as misdemeanor; penalty.
     Section 554.654 ‑ Disconnecting utilities; grounds; notice; written arrangement for payment of account; copy; payment agreement; reconnecting utilities.
     Section 554.655 ‑ Removal or arrest by law enforcement officer; service of warrant; care of personal property; refund.
     Section 554.656 ‑ Grounds for eviction.
     Section 554.657 ‑ Lien generally.
     Section 554.658 ‑ Enforcement of lien; sale of personal property; notice; advertisement; time and place of sale; redemption; inventory; lien searches; payment by prior lienholder; rights of purchaser in good faith; responsibility for procuring title; distribution of proceeds; records; donations to charity or other disposition of property; damages for noncompliance.
Act 116 of 1974 ‑ Repealed-FARMLAND AND OPEN SPACE PRESERVATION ACT (554.701 - 554.719)
Act 440 of 1976 ‑ Repealed-LIVING CARE DISCLOSURE ACT (554.801 - 554.844)
Act 131 of 1996 ‑ Repealed-DISCLAIMER OF PROPERTY INTERESTS ACT (554.871 - 554.890)
Act 448 of 2014 ‑ CONTINUING CARE COMMUNITY DISCLOSURE ACT (554.901 - 554.993)
     Section 554.901 ‑ Short title.
     Section 554.903 ‑ Definitions; A to C.
     Section 554.905 ‑ Definitions; D to L.
     Section 554.907 ‑ Definitions; M to O.
     Section 554.909 ‑ Definitions; P to R.
     Section 554.911 ‑ Definitions; S.
     Section 554.913 ‑ Continuing care community; organization and operation; purpose; member to service in advisory capacity.
     Section 554.915 ‑ Continuing care agreement; registration or exemption required; applicability to written or oral arrangements; offer or sale; conditions; circumstances.
     Section 554.917 ‑ Rules; exemption; variance; area not considered home for the aged or adult foster care facility; relationship not subject to laws between landlord and tenant.
     Section 554.919 ‑ Initial registration; submission of information; missing or unreliable information; cost of investigation; deposit of payment; registration of 2 or more retirement communities as single continuing care community; consideration of opinions, appraisals, and reports of experts; electronic transmission of application and fee.
     Section 554.921 ‑ Incomplete application; notification; order approving or denying registration.
     Section 554.923 ‑ Effect of order approving or filing registration.
     Section 554.925 ‑ Renewal of registration; application form to be sent by department.
     Section 554.927 ‑ Application for registration renewal; processing; failure to submit application or fee; continuation of current registration; failure to file renewal application.
     Section 554.929 ‑ Extension of registration; requirements; fees.
     Section 554.931 ‑ Fees; continuing care administration fund; creation; disposition; investment; money remaining at close of fiscal year; expenditures.
     Section 554.933 ‑ Reportable changes; amendment of registration.
     Section 554.935 ‑ Delivery of continuing care agreements, emergency plan, and disclosure statement; availability of feasibility study.
     Section 554.937 ‑ Disclosure statement.
     Section 554.939 ‑ Continuing care agreement; requirements.
     Section 554.941 ‑ Financial statements; requirements.
     Section 554.943 ‑ Financial forecast.
     Section 554.945 ‑ Funds to be held in trust account; deposit with escrow agent; conditions; temporary suspension order; return of escrowed funds; escrow agreement and account; requirements; release of funds.
     Section 554.947 ‑ Alternative financial arrangement.
     Section 554.949 ‑ Records; reports.
     Section 554.951 ‑ Advertising or marketing communication.
     Section 554.955 ‑ Offer or sale of continuing care agreement; prohibited acts.
     Section 554.957 ‑ Appointment of independent conservator or guardian.
     Section 554.959 ‑ Arbitration.
     Section 554.961 ‑ Service of process; irrevocable consent appointing department.
     Section 554.963 ‑ Investigations.
     Section 554.965 ‑ Review and audit of documents and records.
     Section 554.967 ‑ Repayment of entrance fee; temporary suspension.
     Section 554.969 ‑ Order denying, suspending, or revoking registration.
     Section 554.971 ‑ Cease and desist order.
     Section 554.973 ‑ Injunction, restraining order, or writ of mandamus.
     Section 554.975 ‑ Civil fine; costs; sanctions; continuing care agreement as voidable; refund.
     Section 554.977 ‑ Liability; offer of rescission.
     Section 554.979 ‑ Liability by implication; liability under other statute or common law.
     Section 554.981 ‑ Person materially aiding in act or transaction constituting violation; joint and several liability.
     Section 554.983 ‑ Statute of limitations.
     Section 554.985 ‑ Violation as felony; penalty; seizure and forfeiture of proceeds or instrumentality of crime.
     Section 554.987 ‑ Promulgation of rules.
     Section 554.989 ‑ Disclosure of filings; exemption; confidentiality of social security numbers.
     Section 554.991 ‑ Life interest or long-term lease agreement under former act.
     Section 554.993 ‑ Facility or person registered or exempt under former act.
Act 16 of 2018 ‑ UNIFORM COMMERCIAL REAL ESTATE RECEIVERSHIP ACT (554.1011 - 554.1040)
     Section 554.1011 ‑ Short title.
     Section 554.1012 ‑ Definitions.
     Section 554.1013 ‑ Court order; issuance; notice and hearing; circumstances.
     Section 554.1014 ‑ Applicability of act; scope; limitation.
     Section 554.1015 ‑ Selection, appointment, removal, and compensation of receiver; establishment by supreme court rule; jurisdiction.
     Section 554.1016 ‑ Appointment of receiver; circumstances; appointment without prior notice or hearing; security.
     Section 554.1017 ‑ Appointment of receiver; disqualification; statement.
     Section 554.1018 ‑ Bond; alternative security.
     Section 554.1019 ‑ Status of receiver as lien creditor.
     Section 554.1020 ‑ Acquisition of property after appointment as receiver; security agreement.
     Section 554.1021 ‑ Receivership property; duties of person upon demand of receiver; failure to turn over property; sanction.
     Section 554.1022 ‑ Powers and duties of receiver.
     Section 554.1023 ‑ Duties of owner.
     Section 554.1024 ‑ Stay or injunction.
     Section 554.1025 ‑ Engagement of professional; compensation.
     Section 554.1026 ‑ "Good faith" defined; use or transfer of receivership property not in ordinary course of business.
     Section 554.1027 ‑ "Timeshare interest" defined; executory contract.
     Section 554.1028 ‑ Defenses and immunities of receiver.
     Section 554.1029 ‑ Interim report of receiver.
     Section 554.1030 ‑ Notice of appointment; claim; distribution of receivership property.
     Section 554.1031 ‑ Fees and expenses.
     Section 554.1032 ‑ Removal of receiver; replacement; discharge; termination.
     Section 554.1033 ‑ Final report of receiver; contents; discharge.
     Section 554.1034 ‑ Receivership in another state; rights, powers, and duties of ancillary receiver.
     Section 554.1035 ‑ Enforcement by mortgagee; effect.
     Section 554.1036 ‑ Uniformity of law.
     Section 554.1037 ‑ Electronic signatures in global and national commerce act.
     Section 554.1038 ‑ Receiver appointed before effective date of act.
     Section 554.1040 ‑ Effective date.

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